Aaron Cole married Hester Emily Addis on September 9, 1858. They did not live in South Carolina very long. In 1859 Aaron Cole's father moved his entire family from South Carolina to Georgia. They settled in Habersham County Georgia, about 40 miles north of Athens.
When war drums started, Aaron Shannon Cole volunteered as a private in Company I, 34th Georgia Regiment Infantry on May 12, 1862.
Aaron S. Cole was made 1st Sgt. in Captain Caleb Chitwood's Company, Johnston's Regiment Georgia Infantry. The Regiment was sent into East Tennessee; served in the Kentucky campaign, afterward in the department of East Tennessee, in the Vicksburg Campaign, then participated in Hood's gallant but unsuccessful campaign to recover Tennessee for the Confederacy.
On July 4, 1863, Aaron Cole was captured and made a prisoner of war at Vicksburg, Mississippi. At that time he was 2nd Lieutenant, Co. I, 34th Georgia Infantry. He was paroled at Vicksburg, Mississippi July 8, 1863. Sometime during the winter of 1863-64, Aaron Cole became 1st Lieutenant.
Aaron Cole's Captain, Capt. Chitwood, went to the Hospital on July 17, 1864 and died on July 31th. On the day the Captain went to the hospital Aaron Cole was promoted to Captain.
When Captain Cole's career as a soldier in the WBTS had come to an end, he threw his sword away. He said, "I was too worn out to carry it home."
After the war, The Cole's sold their property in SC and Georgia and came to Texas to start a new life. In the year 1869, Aaron along with his two brothers arrived in Texas. These brothers bought property in and around Rusk. Aaron owned a general merchandise store in Rusk, where he belonged to Euclid Masonic Lodge #45. Aaron Cole also put up the first saw mill that was built on the Cotton Belt between Tyler and Lufkin. He foresaw the opportunity and had everything ready when the railroad reached his farm.